CFP: Synthese Topical Collection "Evidential Diversity in the Social Sciences"
Submission deadline: November 15, 2020
Call for Papers
Synthese Topical Collection
“Evidential Diversity in the Social Sciences”
Yafeng Shan and Jon Williamson (University of Kent)
Is diverse evidence required to establish a causal claim in the social sciences? If so, what form should this diversity take? Mixed methods research advocates diversity of evidence, in the form of a mixture of qualitative and quantitative evidence. Other approaches in the social sciences attach greater weight to one or other of these kinds of evidence: for example, evidence-based policy tends to attach great weight to quantitative results of randomised controlled trials. In philosophy, evidential pluralism says that one needs to consider both evidence of correlation and evidence of mechanism when assessing a causal claim. Evidential pluralism has led to new research on the role of mechanisms in the health sciences and to suggestions for improvements to evidence-based medicine, and the question arises as to whether the lessons from medicine can be fruitfully applied to the social sciences. The topical collection will bring together these developments, and others, in an attempt to shed new light on the role of diversity of evidence in the social sciences.
The questions to be addressed include (but are not limited to):
Can evidential pluralism be applied to the social sciences analogously to the way in which it can be applied to the biomedical sciences? If so, how widely is evidential pluralism applicable to the social sciences?
Can diversity of evidence help to explain the co-existence of disparate ontological and epistemological accounts of the social sciences?
Can evidential pluralism be used to suggest improvements to evidence appraisal for evidence-based policy in the social sciences?
Is it possible to systematise the roles of diverse kinds of evidence in mixed methods research?
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The deadline for submissions is 15 November 2020.